Nocturia is the scientific name for frequent urination at night. This is different from enuresis or bedwetting in that the person is able to wake up and empty the bladder in the bathroom.
One study showed that about 65% of adults above the age of 55 were reported to suffer from frequent urination at night. Normal people are able to sleep for 6 to 8 hours without the need to get up to urinate. Frequent urination at night is considered a disorder if it occurs multiple times per night on a regular basis.
One event of urination at night is considered normal. Frequent urination of up to 3 times is associated with daytime tiredness and excessive intake of fluid. The difficulty is typically resolved after getting proper rest and reducing fluid intake. People with a severe case of frequent urination at night can wake up to 10 times to empty to their bladder.
Frequent Urination at Night: Effects on Sleep
Frequent urination at night is considered to be a sleeping disorder because its causes severe disruptions in sleep patterns. For one, frequent urination at night wastes time that could have been used to sleep. More often than not, when you wake up at night to urinate your body loses heat. When you come back to the bed you will have to re-warm your body, also diminishing sleep.
Causes of Frequent Urination at Night
- Pregnancy: as the baby grows, it applies pressure on the bladder leading to frequent urination. In pregnancy, this occurs even during the day.
- Sphincter muscle disorders.
- Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs).
- Tumor in the bladder or prostate.
- It is common in a failing liver or heart.
- Poorly managed diabetes.
- Medications used to treat various diseases especially diabetes and use of diuretics.
- Tiredness and excessive intake of fluids.
- Change in time system such that the body is confused on how to understand day or night.
Frequent Urination and Old Age
As mentioned earlier, studies show that 65% of people above the age of 55 experience frequent urination at night. As human beings get older, they produce less of the hormone Anti-diuretic Hormone ADH that assists the body to retain fluids. In addition, bladder capacity tends to shrink with age. Old age is also associated with many conditions that affect the bladder.
The symptoms of frequent urination include:
- Increased need to urinate at night.
- The need to urinate too much fluid.
- Need to urinate even after taking in little fluids.
Coping With Frequent Urination at Night
The best way to cope with this condition reduce fluid intake during the day and especially just before bedtime. Ideally, fluid should be taken early during the day. It is also important to keep tract of what you drink so as you can determine which types of drinks exacerbate the condition.
Drinks such as alcohol, coffee and tea should be avoided as they are known to stimulate the kidneys to produce more urine. From the causes listed above, it is clear that frequent urination at night has very many causes. Taking care of the underlying condition goes a long way to reducing the number of times you urinate at night.